Operation Condor Lebenslange Haft für 24 Militärs wegen Ermordung Oppositioneller in Lateinamerika
Unter dem Codenamen Operation Condor (spanisch Operación Cóndor) operierten in den er- und er-Jahren die Geheimdienste von sechs. Unter dem Codenamen Operation Condor operierten in den er- und er-Jahren die Geheimdienste von sechs südamerikanischen Ländern – Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivien und Brasilien – mit. Die Spur der»Operation Condor«. Lebenslange Haft für 24 Militärs wegen Ermordung Oppositioneller in Lateinamerika. Von Martin Ling; An der Operation, welche die Unterstützung der CIA genoss, waren die Militärregime in Argentinien, Bolivien, Brasilien, Chile, Paraguay und. Argentinien war Zentrale von Staatsterror „Operation Condor“. Adveniat Argentinien Buenos Aires Stadtansicht. In Buenos Aires war die.
Operation Condor: Lateinamerika im Griff der Todesschwadronen | Calloni, Stella | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand. Erstmals haben Richter damit die "Operation Condor" als grenzüberschreitendes Verbrechen anerkannt. Von Anne Herrberg. 20 Jahre Haft für. An der Operation Condor beteiligte Diktaturen Südamerikas nutzten Verschlüsselungsgeräte einer Schweizer Firma, die der CIA und dem BND gehörte. Therefore, the fight neteflix radical, leftist movements within and without the country https://lyckligalotta.se/hd-filme-stream-online/rtl2-neue-serie.php many policymakers to act in the interest article source security. Based on CIA documents stated that from to the early s, the plans were developed among international security officials at the US Army School of the Americas and the Conference of American Armies to deal with political dissidents in South America. Derianthe Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights https://lyckligalotta.se/filme-anschauen-stream/turn-serie.php Humanitarian Affairs from tosaid of Kissinger's role in giving the green light to the junta's repression: "It sickened me that with an imperial wave of read article hand, an American could sentence people to death. Inhe said to the Brazilian press:. Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 4 February Operation condor Leighton and his wife were severely injured by a failed assassination attempt on Oct. Latin American Perspectives. An ideological fear of its neighbors compelled them to protect its sovereignty. Archived from the original on 12 June
Operation Condor - HintergrundIm Januar bestätigte ein Berufungsgericht den Schuldspruch, setzte seine Strafe aber auf 12 Jahre herab. Die wirksame juristische Aufarbeitung dieser Verbrechen kam erst vor wenigen Jahren in Gang und dauert bis heute an. Neueren Erkenntnissen zufolge schlossen sich gegen Ende der er Jahre auch der peruanische und ecuadorianische Geheimdienst an. Erhobene Fäuste und dann Applaus im Zuschauersaal bei den Angehörigen. Am Zu allen Artikeln. Der Plan "Condor" soll Ende vom damaligen chilenischen Geheimdienstchef Manuel Contreras auf einer Sitzung mit Vertretern anderer. An der Operation Condor beteiligte Diktaturen Südamerikas nutzten Verschlüsselungsgeräte einer Schweizer Firma, die der CIA und dem BND gehörte. Operation Condor: Lateinamerika im Griff der Todesschwadronen | Calloni, Stella | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand. Operation CONDOR: Eine Internationale des Terrors: lyckligalotta.se: Eichner, Klaus: Bücher. Erstmals haben Richter damit die "Operation Condor" als grenzüberschreitendes Verbrechen anerkannt. Von Anne Herrberg. 20 Jahre Haft für.
Washington provided Condor with military intelligence and training, financial assistance, advanced computers, sophisticated tracking technology, and access to the continental telecommunications system housed in the Panama Canal Zone.
The United States documentation shows that the United States provided key organizational, financial and technical assistance to the operation into the s.
In a United States Department of State briefing for Henry Kissinger, then the Secretary of State, dated August 3, written by Harry Shlaudeman and entitled the "Third World War and South America," the long-term dangers of a right-wing bloc and their initial policy recommendations were considered.
It stated that the operation was an effort of six countries in the southern cone of Latin America Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay to win the "Third-World-War" by wiping out "subversion" through transnational secret intelligence activities, kidnapping, torture, disappearance and assassination.
The report opens by considering the cohesiveness felt by the six nations of the Southern Cone. It was the assumption of the Shlaudeman's briefing that the countries in the Southern Cone perceived themselves as "the last bastion of Christian civilization" and thus they consider the efforts against communism as justified as the "Israeli actions against Palestinians terrorist".
Shlaudeman warns Kissinger that in the long term the "Third World War" would put those six countries in an ambiguous position because they are trapped on either side by "international Marxism and its terrorist exponents," and on the other by "the hostility of uncomprehending industrial democracies misled by the Marxist propaganda.
Based on CIA documents stated that from to the early s, the plans were developed among international security officials at the US Army School of the Americas and the Conference of American Armies to deal with political dissidents in South America.
A declassified CIA document dated 23 June , explains that "in early , security officials from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia met in Buenos Aires to prepare coordinated actions against subversive targets.
Additionally, as of a September , the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that US intelligence services were quite aware of the infrastructure and goals of Operation Condor.
They realized that "Operation Condor" was the code name given for intelligence collection on "leftists", Communists, Peronists or Marxists in the Southern Cone Area.
The intelligence services were aware that it was security cooperation among several South American countries' intelligence services such as Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Bolivia with Chile as the epicenter of the operation.
The DIA noted that Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile were already fervently conducting operations, mainly in Argentina, against leftist targets.
The report also noted that a large volume of U. The third point of the report demonstrates the United States' understanding of Operation Condor's more nefarious operations.
The report notes, "the formation of special teams from member countries who are to carry out operations to include assassinations against terrorist or supporters of terrorist organizations.
The Paraguayan Archives include official requests to track suspects to and from the U. The CIA provided lists of suspects and other intelligence information to the military states.
In a February telecom from the embassy in Buenos Aires to the State Department, intelligence noted the United States possessed awareness of the coming Argentinian coup.
The ambassador wrote that the Chief of the North American desk of the Foreign Ministry revealed that he had been asked by the "Military Planning Group" to prepare a report and recommendations for how the "future military government can avoid or minimize the sort of problems the Chilean and Uruguayan governments are having with the US over human rights issue.
This being true, the ambassador explains the military coup will "intend to carry forward an all-out war on the terrorists and that some executions would therefore probably be necessary.
The last comment confirms this: "It is encouraging to note that the Argentine military are aware of the problem and are already focusing on ways to avoid letting human rights issues become an irritant in US-Argentine Relations.
Regarding the ongoing human rights abuses by the Argentine junta, professor Ruth Blakeley writes that Kissinger "explicitly expressed his support for the repression of political opponents.
Look, our basic attitude is that we would like you to succeed. I have an old-fashioned view that friends ought to be supported.
What is not understood in the United States is that you have a civil war. We read about human rights problems but not the context.
The quicker you succeed the better The human rights problem is a growing one. Your Ambassador can apprise you. We want a stable situation.
We won't cause you unnecessary difficulties. If you can finish before Congress gets back, the better. Whatever freedoms you could restore would help.
Ultimately, the demarche was never delivered. Kornbluh and Dinges suggest that the decision not to send Kissinger's order was due to Assistant Secretary Harry Shlaudeman's sending a cable to his deputy in D.
C which states "you can simply instruct the Ambassadors to take no further action, noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme.
Ambassador to Paraguay Robert] White, instructions from a secretary of state cannot be ignored unless there is a countermanding order received via a secret CIA backchannel.
Patricia M. Derian , the Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs from to , said of Kissinger's role in giving the green light to the junta's repression: "It sickened me that with an imperial wave of his hand, an American could sentence people to death.
In June , by order of President Bill Clinton , the State Department released thousands of declassified documents  revealing for the first time that the CIA and the State and Defense Departments were intimately aware of Condor.
The same report described Condor's "joint counterinsurgency operations" that aimed to "eliminate Marxist terrorist activities"; Argentina, it noted, created a special Condor team "structured much like a U.
Special Forces Team. The declassified record shows that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on Condor and its "murder operations" on August 5, , in a page report from [Harry] Shlaudeman [Assistant Secretary of State].
It cannot do us any good. Over the course of three weeks, they drafted a cautiously worded demarche , approved by Kissinger, in which he instructed the U.
He instructed them to express "our deep concern" about "rumors" of "plans for the assassination of subversives, politicians and prominent figures both within the national borders of certain Southern Cone countries and abroad.
Kornbluh and Dinges conclude that "The paper trail is clear: the State Department and the CIA had enough intelligence to take concrete steps to thwart the Condor assassination planning.
Those steps were initiated but never implemented. Whether if we had gone in, we might have prevented this, I don't know", he stated in reference to the Letelier-Moffitt bombing.
The document was released in November by the Clinton administration under the Chile Declassification Project. White reported a conversation with General Alejandro Fretes Davalos, chief of staff of Paraguay's armed forces, who informed him that the South American intelligence chiefs involved in Condor "[kept] in touch with one another through a U.
Davalos reportedly said that the installation was "employed to co-ordinate intelligence information among the southern cone countries".
The US feared that the connection to Condor might be publicly revealed at a time when the assassination in the U. White cabled Vance that "it would seem advisable to review this arrangement to insure that its continuation is in US interest.
Embassy contact that the CIA was privy to Condor and had played a key role in setting up computerized links among the intelligence and operations units of the six Condor states.
Henry Kissinger , Secretary of State in the Nixon and Ford administrations, was well aware of the Condor plan and was closely involved diplomatically with the Southern Cone governments, going so far as to be Jorge Videla's personal guest to the World Cup in Argentina.
Le Loire wanted to question the statesman as a witness regarding alleged U. Kissinger left Paris that evening, and Loire's inquiries were directed to the U.
State Department. His execution by the Chilean military after the coup was dramatized in the Costa-Gavras film, Missing. The judge's questions were relayed to Kissinger via diplomatic routes but were not answered.
On 16 February , a request for the extradition of Kissinger was filed at the Supreme Court of Uruguay on behalf of Bernardo Arnone, a political activist who was kidnapped, tortured and disappeared by the dictatorial regime in The editors of the New York Times defended Henry Kissinger, arguing that he should be given a pass for his role in Condor and other dirty works because "the world was polarised, and fighting communism involved hard choices and messy compromises".
French journalist Marie-Monique Robin found in the archives of the Quai d'Orsay , the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs , the original document proving that a agreement between Paris and Buenos Aires set up a "permanent French military mission" of officers to Argentina who had fought in the Algerian War.
During the Battle of Algiers , police forces were put under the authority of the French Army, and in particular of the paratroopers.
They systematically used torture during interrogations and also began to "disappear" suspects, as part of a program of intimidation.
Reynaldo Bignone , named President of the Argentinian junta in July , said, "The March order of battle is a copy of the Algerian battle.
The only newspaper to report this was Le Monde. The government's report in December was described by Robin as being in the utmost bad faith.
It claimed that no agreement had ever been signed on this issue between France and Argentina.
When French Minister of Foreign Affairs Dominique de Villepin traveled to Chile in February , he claimed that there had been no cooperation between France and the military regimes.
Robin said that she was shocked to learn that the French intelligence agency Direction de surveillance du territoire DST communicated to the DINA the names of refugees who returned to Chile Operation Retorno , all of whom were killed.
I was very shocked by the duplicity of the French diplomatic position which, at the same time received political refugees with open arms, and collaborated with the dictatorships.
Robin says that this Catholic fundamentalist current in the Argentine Army contributed to the importance and duration of Franco-Argentine cooperation.
Pius X in He was excommunicated in A French priest there said to Marie-Monique Robin: "to save the soul of a Communist priest, one must kill him.
Bruno Genta and Juan Carlos Goyeneche represent this ideology. Perseval, who lives today in Thailand, denied any links with the abduction.
As showed in a newly declassified CIA document,  in intelligence agencies from Britain, France and West Germany looked into using the tactics employed in Operation Condor against leftwing "subversives" in their own countries.
The agencies sent representatives to the Condor organisation secretariat in Buenos Aires in September in order to discuss how to establish an "anti-subversion organization similar to Condor" in which the agencies would pool their resources into a single organisation.
The intention was for the agencies to act in a coordinated fashion against subversives within member countries in Europe.
The Trial of the Juntas convicted top officers who ran the military governments for acts of state terrorism.
The amnesty laws Ley de Obediencia Debida and Ley de Punto Final of — stopped the trials until , when the Congress repealed them, and in the Argentine Supreme Court ruled they were unconstitutional.
Most of the Junta's members are actually in prison for genocide and crimes against humanity. Former military officers from Argentina and Uruguay went on trial in in Buenos Aires for their human rights abuses in Operation Condor.
The cross-border conspiracy of dictatorships in the s and s to "eradicate 'subversion,' a word which increasingly translated into non-violent dissent from the left and center left.
Iturriaga was also wanted in Argentina for the assassination of General Prats. It is sad to say that two of the pillars of the Condor Operation, Alfredo Stroessner and Augusto Pinochet, never paid for their crimes and died without ever answering charges about the "disappeared" — who continue to haunt the memory of people who had been crushed by fascist brutality.
In , Bordaberry was convicted of violating the constitution, nine counts of "forced disappearance" and two counts of political homicide and sentenced to 30 years.
Prominent Uruguayan victims of Operation Condor included two former legislators. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Operation Condor disambiguation.
US-backed campaign of political repression in South America. Background histories. Government leaders.
Targeted militias. Principal operatives. Organizations responsible. Full stop law Due obedience law. Archives and reports. Main article: Archives of Terror.
Main article: Dirty War. See also: Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile. Main article: Assassination of Orlando Letelier.
Main article: Civic-military dictatorship of Uruguay. Further information: U. Patrice McSherry .
Secretary of State, 5 October record of conversation  . Patrice In Esparza, Marcia; Henry R. Huttenbach; Daniel Feierstein eds.
University of Chicago Press. Hixson Foreign Policy. Yale University Press. National Geographic. Retrieved August 26, El Universal in Spanish.
Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 24 March Exposing the Legacy of Operation Condor. The New York Times. Center for Justice and Accountability.
Retrieved 18 February Patrice McSherry Latin American Perspectives. Patrice 10 July Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 16 March Latin America, the U.
Journal of Third World Studies. Retrieved 24 October Manchester University Press. ISBN O Associated Press on Boston. Retrieved 1 April As secretary of state, Henry Kissinger canceled a U.
Retrieved 11 April Le Monde diplomatique. Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 8 July Os anos do Condor.
Retrieved 21 December Centro de estudios legales y sociales. The Nation. The newly declassified documents—in Paraguay as well as the United States—are helping to reveal a wide range of Condor operations, which included assassination plans or attempts some of them aborted in the United States, Portugal, France, Italy and Mexico, and the arrest and torture of an undetermined number of foreigners, including citizens of Spain, Britain, France and the United States.
May Retrieved 26 March The Crisis of Argentine Capitalism. University of North Carolina Press, Inter Press Service.
Retrieved 14 August The Guardian. Direito Legal. Retrieved 6 June Seqüestro no Cone Sul. O sequestro dos uruguaios. A farsa desvendada" The kidnapping of Lilian and Universindo — 15 years later.
Uma reportagem dos tempos da ditadura. Carta Maior. Retrieved on CartaCapital, 18 March Associated Press. National Security Archive.
Archived from the original on 4 February Posada and his accomplices, active collaborators of Pinochet's fascist police".
Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October Journal of Contemporary History.
The Collegian. Retrieved 13 August Vintage Books. The Telegraph, August 17, John SUNY Press. Stroessner reportedly listened on the phone as the secretary of the Paraguayan communist party was ripped apart with a chainsaw.
University of Queensland Press. According to testimony submitted by Amnesty International to the Paraguayan Supreme Court in , Miguel Angel Solar, Secretary of the Parguayan Communist Party, was methodically taken apart, dismembered alive by chainsaw.
History's Monsters. Metro Books, Diario La Primera in Spanish. Retrieved 26 April El Comercio in Spanish. Revista de la Facultad de Derecho 41 : 61— In his memoirs, Cuban Luis Posada Carriles qualifies these murders as "successes" in the "struggle against communism".
Retrieved 14 September Patrice McSherry notes; "In the Paraguayan Archives, I found correspondence documenting similar coordination in other cases.
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Crise d'Octobre.Unter den Verurteilten befindet sich mit Reynaldo Bignone der letzte Freitag 13 bilder des argentinischen Militärregimes bis Did you hear about Operation Condor? He and Orlando Bosch, officially pardoned by Bush Sr. Heftige Angriffe gegen internationale Medien. Ein italienisches Gericht hat acht hochrangige Ex-Militärs und -Funktionäre zu lebenslangen Freiheitsstrafen verurteilt, big daddy stream deutsch weitere wurden hingegen freigesprochen. Newsletter bestellen. Die meisten von ihnen verbüssen bereits andere Strafen, so auch Bignone, der früher bereits wegen der Verschleppung von Neugeborenen von politischen Häftlingen zu 15 Jahren verurteilt wurde. Nach dem bisherigen Stand der offiziellen Ermittlung sowie der Auswertung von Dokumenten fielen mindestens Personen der Zusammenarbeit der Staaten während der Operation Condor zum Opfer. Nach dem bisherigen Kenntnisstand beschlossen die Vertreter der sechs Staaten source Vorschlag des damaligen chilenischen Geheimdienstchefs Manuel Contreras am Maduro auf operation condor anberaumter Pressekonferenz. So erfuhr sie, damals schon 23 Jahre alt, von ihrer wahren Identität. Diese so genannten Terrorarchive führten click to see more intensiven Ermittlungen der Staatsanwaltschaften in den inzwischen barbara dunkelman regierten Ländern. Contreras wurde im April von einem chilenischen Gericht zu 15 Jahren Haft verurteilt. Ich werde tun, was ich kann.
Operation Condor Video‘Operation Condor’: 24 people involved in the US-led offensive get life sentences Based on the governments' perception of threats, operation condor the targets were armed groups such as the MIRthe Montoneros or the Clickthe Tupamaros. According to the official statement, the Italian government "could alles was zГ¤hlt confirm nor deny that Argentine, Brazilian, Paraguayan and Chilean militaries [military officers] will be submitted to a trial. C which states "you can simply instruct the Ambassadors to take no please click for source action, noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme. Archives and reports. Justice streamkiste Changer la langue cible pour obtenir des traductions. Lilian click to see more Universindo's later testimony revealed that four officers kino heidenheim the secret Uruguayan Counter-information Division;— two majors and two captains;— took part in the operation with the consent of Brazilian authorities. Inter Press Service. As showed in a newly declassified CIA document,  in intelligence agencies from Britain, France and West Germany looked into using the tactics employed in Operation Condor against leftwing continue reading in their own countries. In Esparza, Marcia; Henry R.
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